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The Baylor Massacre took place in 1778 in River Vale, resulting in severe losses for the Continentals.In 1837, Passaic County was formed from parts of Bergen and Essex counties. These two divisions took roughly 13,000 residents (nearly half of the previous population) from the county's rolls.Local militia retook Hackensack and the rest of Bergen County.Bergen County saw skirmishes throughout the war as armies from both sides maneuvered across the countryside.Their ancestors had moved into the mountains to escape encroachment by Dutch and English colonists.Their descendants reside mostly in the northwest of the county, in nearby Passaic County and in Rockland County, New York, tracing their Lenape ancestry to speakers of the Munsee language, one of three major dialects of their language.The Erie later leased two other railroads built in the 1850s and 1860s, later known as the Pascack Valley Line and the Northern Branch, and in 1881 built a cutoff, now the Bergen County Line.There were two other rail lines in the county, ultimately known as the West Shore Railroad and the New York, Susquehanna, and Western.
The Dutch claimed it after Henry Hudson (sailing for the Dutch East India Company) explored Newark Bay and anchored his ship at Weehawken Cove in 1609.
The African slaves were used for labor at the ports to support shipping, as well as for domestic servants, trades, and farm labor.
Early settlement attempts by the Dutch included Pavonia (1633), Vriessendael (1640), and Achter Col (1642), but the Native Americans repelled these settlements in Kieft's War (1643–1645) and the Peach Tree War (1655–1660).
The retreat allowed American forces to escape capture and regroup for subsequent successes against the British elsewhere in New Jersey later that winter.
Soon after the Battle of Princeton in January 1777, British forces realized that they couldn't spread themselves thin across New Jersey.